dover castle history

Elizabeth I (r.1557–1603) visited in 1573 and ensured the castle was kept in good repair during the war with Spain in the final two decades of the century. Während des Ersten Kriegs der Barone boten die gegen König Johann Ohneland rebellierenden Barone dem französischen Prinzen Ludwig VIII. Toen Dover een garnizoensstad werd werd het noodzakelijk barakken en opslagplaatsen voor de troepen te bouwen. Im Englischen Bürgerkrieg wurde Dover Castle zunächst von Verbündeten des Königs gehalten, 1642 aber durch eine List ohne einen abgegebenen Schuss erobert, weshalb die Burg nicht verwüstet wurde und sich heute in einem besseren Zustand als die meisten anderen Burgen befindet. The Castle was first built, entirely out of clay. Twiss und die Royal Engineers bauten 15 Meter unter den Klippen Tunnel, und die ersten Soldaten wurden 1803 hier einquartiert. The castle garrison, led by Hubert de Burgh, repulsed all attempts to take the castle, though the barbican and main gate at the northern end were severely damaged.
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Diesem Ereignis ist eine spezielle, interaktive Ausstellung mit Ton- und Filmmaterial gewidmet. Some sources say it is the largest castle in England, a title which is also claimed by the Windsor Castle. Dover Castle commands the Strait of Dover, the shortest sea crossing between England and continental Europe, a position of strategic importance throughout history. About 40,000 had been marched off the seashores and spent the remainder of the struggle in Germany or Poland working as slave labour in mines, fields, and factories.

The origin of settlement on Castle Hill, where Dover Castle stands, may be in the pre-Roman Iron Age. Toen de Tweede Wereldoorlog in 1939 uitbrak werden de tunnels omgevormd tot schuilplaatsen en later gebruikt als militair commandocentrum en ondergronds ziekenhuis. The second, called Dumpy, opened in 1943 as a Combined Operations Centre with provision for large-scale communication transmission. Grund ist seine strategisch wichtige Lage am Ärmelkanal, dem kürzesten Seeweg zum europäischen Kontinent.

After the death of her husband at the Battle of Evesham during the Second Barons’ War (1264–7), there was a short siege at Dover, ended by negotiation with Eleanor and her nephew, the Lord Edward (son of Henry III).From the 1260s the constable of the castle was also Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, a royal officer charged with oversight of the semi-independent Cinque Ports, to ensure their service to the Crown. Royalty last used the castle in 1625, when the great tower received a makeover for the French princess Henrietta Maria, on her way to marry Charles I. The military engineers Major William Twiss and Captain William Ford comprehensively altered the defences, most dramatically where the entire eastern outer wall was cut down and backed by an earth rampart for cannon. Mit der Tudor-Zeit waren die Bollwerke durch das Aufkommen von Schießpulver nicht mehr ausreichend. Die heutige Form der Burg mit ihrem rechteckigen Bergfried entstand, als Henry II. King Henry II began to build the present castle in the 1180s, and over the next 800 years its buildings, defences and tunnels were adapted to meet the changing demands of warfare, right into the era of nuclear weapons. [21] Tunnel levels are denoted as A - Annexe, B - Bastion, C - Casemate, D - Dumpy and E - Esplanade. Tijdens de Napoleontische oorlogen huisden de tunnels van het barakkencomplex soms meer dan 2.000 man en tot op de dag van vandaag is dit het grootste ondergrondse barakkencomplex ooit gebouwd. Na de slag bij Hastings (oktober 1066) marcheerden Willem de Veroveraar en zijn troepen naar Westminster Abbey, waar Willem de Veroveraar gekroond zou worden.

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